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Our mission on is to implement a safe, sustainable, energy-efficient way to surf the web from the comfort of your home by utilizing the web to harvest data. So therefore providing you with awesome results. 


Many people have a passion for entertainment. It's never too late. This is your opportunity to display your skills. 

This is a chance for participants to shine with vocal performances on short-audio formats. (mp3) You can either perform a song or enact a popular popular movie/ TV show. You can record the performance in audio format and upload the recording for the audience to hear. 

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Encanto takes place in a real place

Unlike most Disney movies, Encanto takes place in a real place, and the film serves as a love letter to Colombia, which is often misrepresented.

Encanto takes place in the real country of Colombia, unlike many other Disney films, which rely on fictional places as their settingsEncanto may contain plenty of Disney Easter eggs, but it deviates from its predecessors in an important way. It is the story of the Madrigal family who lives in a magical place called the Casita. Mirabel is the only one born into the family who doesn’t have her own magical gift. The journey Mirabel goes on is one to save her family and their home from the force threatening Casita’s magic, all while drawing on the inspiration South American landscape.

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Tom Brady retiring after 22 NFL seasons

Tom Brady, the most successful quarterback in NFL history, has retired after winning seven Super Bowls and setting numerous passing records in an unprecedented 22-year-career.

“This is difficult for me to write, but here it goes: I am not going to make that competitive commitment anymore,” Brady wrote in a lengthy post on Instagram. “I have loved my NFL career, and now it is time to focus my time and energy on other things that require my attention.”

Brady has long stated his desire to spend more time with his wife, supermodel Gisele Bundchen, and three children despite still playing at the top of his game.

The 44-year-old Brady goes out after leading the Tampa Bay Buccaneers to a Super Bowl title last season and NFC South championship this season.

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The Metaverse is a digital, three-dimensional and permanent environment on the Internet. It provides the user or visitor with a sense of individual presence (whether or not represented by an avatar) and spatial awareness in a social context, shared with others. The Metaverse also offers the possibility of participating in a virtual economy.

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What in the Ribbit?

What in the Ribbit?

Ribbit is a new form of blog. There are many synonyms for blog and people have the tendency to create new words every day for everyday uses. I created Ribbit because I love frogs. The names we give to animal sounds vary widely as you move from area to area. The reason, generally, has little to do with the animals themselves. In Germany, locals attest that the frog says “quaken.” But anyhow, That “ribbit” sound is what’s called an “advertisement call.” For frogs its sorta like a mating call but we're not frogs so thank your creator for that. I use it for advertising my site and because it's fun and unique. So yes, this is 


What is another word for Blog?

  • weblog
  • microblog
  • vlog
  • blook
  • column
  • forum
  • newsletter
  • website
  • diary
  • journal
  • podcast
  • vodcast
  • webcast
  • chatroom

These are just a sample list of many blog synonyms and trust me there are many more. 


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What is Twitter?  

Twitter is an American microblogging and social networking service on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets". Registered users can post, like, and retweet tweets, but unregistered users can only read those that are publicly available.

Twitter was created by Jack Dorsey, Noah Glass, Biz Stone, and Evan Williams in March 2006 and launched in July of that year. By 2012, more than 100 million users posted 340 million tweets a day.

Twitter was created by Jack Dorsey, Noah Glass, Biz Stone, and Evan Williams in March 2006 and launched in July of that year. By 2012, more than 100 million users posted 340 million tweets a day.

In late 2021, Twitter announced that some hosts on iOS would now have the option to record their Spaces so more listeners could tune in at a later date.As of today, the feature is available for all Android and iOS users. 

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On Oct. 28, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg announced that the company known as Facebook would be changing its name to Meta Platforms Inc., or Meta for short.

Why has Facebook changed its name to Meta and what is the metaverse?

Facebook has rebranded itself as Meta in an attempt to own the metaverse, a concept for a 3D version of the internet that a number of companies are working on.

After plenty of speculation, Facebook, the company that owns platforms including Facebook, Instagram and WhatsApp, rebranded as Meta on 28 October. CEO Mark Zuckerberg told attendees at the company’s annual Connect conference:

“Right now, our brand is so tightly linked to one product that it can’t possibly represent everything that we’re doing today, let alone in the future. Over time, I hope that we are seen as a metaverse company, and I want to anchor our work and identity on what we’re building toward.”

- Mark Zuckerberg

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Born: January 15, 1929
Birthplace: Atlanta, Georgia, USA Th
e most visible and well-known leader of the Civil Rights Movement, King was a Baptist minister who helped advance civil rights through non-violent methods based on his Christian beliefs. King founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. He organised a March on Washington in 1963 where he delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech and in 1964 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. In 1986, Martin Luther King Day was inaugurated as a federal holiday.

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(/๐•›๐•–ษช/ ๐•๐”ธ๐•; ๐•“๐• ๐•ฃ๐•Ÿ ๐•‚๐•’๐•Ÿ๐•ช๐•– ๐•†๐•ž๐•’๐•ฃ๐•š ๐•Ž๐•–๐•ค๐•ฅ, ๐•๐•ฆ๐•Ÿ๐•– ๐Ÿ , ๐Ÿ™๐Ÿก๐ŸŸ๐ŸŸ) (/หˆ๐•œษ‘ห๐•Ÿ๐•›๐•–ษช/ ๐•œ๐•’๐•™๐•Ÿ-๐•๐”ธ๐•), ๐•”๐• ๐•ž๐•ž๐• ๐•Ÿ๐•๐•ช ๐•œ๐•Ÿ๐• ๐•จ๐•Ÿ ๐•“๐•ช ๐•™๐•š๐•ค ๐•“๐•š๐•ฃ๐•ฅ๐•™ ๐•Ÿ๐•’๐•ž๐•–, ๐•š๐•ค ๐•’๐•Ÿ ๐”ธ๐•ž๐•–๐•ฃ๐•š๐•”๐•’๐•Ÿ ๐•ฃ๐•’๐•ก๐•ก๐•–๐•ฃ, ๐•ฃ๐•–๐•”๐• ๐•ฃ๐•• ๐•ก๐•ฃ๐• ๐••๐•ฆ๐•”๐•–๐•ฃ, ๐•’๐•Ÿ๐•• ๐•—๐•’๐•ค๐•™๐•š๐• ๐•Ÿ ๐••๐•–๐•ค๐•š๐•˜๐•Ÿ๐•–๐•ฃ. โ„๐•– ๐•š๐•ค ๐•จ๐•š๐••๐•–๐•๐•ช ๐•ฃ๐•–๐•˜๐•’๐•ฃ๐••๐•–๐•• ๐•’๐•ค ๐• ๐•Ÿ๐•– ๐• ๐•— ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐•ž๐• ๐•ค๐•ฅ ๐•š๐•Ÿ๐•—๐•๐•ฆ๐•–๐•Ÿ๐•ฅ๐•š๐•’๐• ๐•ฃ๐•’๐•ก๐•ก๐•–๐•ฃ๐•ค ๐• ๐•— ๐•’๐•๐• ๐•ฅ๐•š๐•ž๐•–.

๐”น๐• ๐•ฃ๐•Ÿ ๐•š๐•Ÿ ๐”ธ๐•ฅ๐•๐•’๐•Ÿ๐•ฅ๐•’ ๐•’๐•Ÿ๐•• ๐•ฃ๐•’๐•š๐•ค๐•–๐•• ๐•š๐•Ÿ โ„‚๐•™๐•š๐•”๐•’๐•˜๐• , ๐•™๐•– ๐•˜๐•’๐•š๐•Ÿ๐•–๐•• ๐•ฃ๐•–๐•”๐• ๐•˜๐•Ÿ๐•š๐•ฅ๐•š๐• ๐•Ÿ ๐•’๐•ค ๐•’ ๐•ก๐•ฃ๐• ๐••๐•ฆ๐•”๐•–๐•ฃ ๐•—๐• ๐•ฃ โ„๐• ๐•”-๐”ธ-๐”ฝ๐•–๐•๐•๐•’ โ„๐•–๐•”๐• ๐•ฃ๐••๐•ค ๐•š๐•Ÿ ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐•–๐•’๐•ฃ๐•๐•ช ๐Ÿš๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜๐•ค, ๐•ก๐•ฃ๐• ๐••๐•ฆ๐•”๐•š๐•Ÿ๐•˜ ๐•ค๐•š๐•Ÿ๐•˜๐•๐•–๐•ค ๐•—๐• ๐•ฃ ๐•ค๐•–๐•ง๐•–๐•ฃ๐•’๐• ๐•’๐•ฃ๐•ฅ๐•š๐•ค๐•ฅ๐•ค ๐•’๐•Ÿ๐•• ๐••๐•–๐•ง๐•–๐•๐• ๐•ก๐•š๐•Ÿ๐•˜ ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– "๐•”๐•™๐•š๐•ก๐•ž๐•ฆ๐•Ÿ๐•œ ๐•ค๐• ๐•ฆ๐•" ๐•ค๐•’๐•ž๐•ก๐•๐•š๐•Ÿ๐•˜ ๐•ค๐•ฅ๐•ช๐•๐•–. ๐•€๐•Ÿ๐•ฅ๐•–๐•Ÿ๐•ฅ ๐• ๐•Ÿ ๐•ก๐•ฆ๐•ฃ๐•ค๐•ฆ๐•š๐•Ÿ๐•˜ ๐•’ ๐•ค๐• ๐•๐•  ๐•”๐•’๐•ฃ๐•–๐•–๐•ฃ ๐•’๐•ค ๐•’ ๐•ฃ๐•’๐•ก๐•ก๐•–๐•ฃ, ๐•™๐•– ๐•ฃ๐•–๐•๐•–๐•’๐•ค๐•–๐•• ๐•™๐•š๐•ค ๐••๐•–๐•“๐•ฆ๐•ฅ ๐•ค๐•ฅ๐•ฆ๐••๐•š๐•  ๐•’๐•๐•“๐•ฆ๐•ž,

๐•‹๐•™๐•– โ„‚๐• ๐•๐•๐•–๐•˜๐•– ๐”ป๐•ฃ๐• ๐•ก๐• ๐•ฆ๐•ฅ (๐Ÿš๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿœ), ๐•ฅ๐•  ๐•”๐•ฃ๐•š๐•ฅ๐•š๐•”๐•’๐• ๐•’๐•Ÿ๐•• ๐•”๐• ๐•ž๐•ž๐•–๐•ฃ๐•”๐•š๐•’๐• ๐•ค๐•ฆ๐•”๐•”๐•–๐•ค๐•ค, ๐•’๐•Ÿ๐•• ๐•—๐• ๐•ฆ๐•Ÿ๐••๐•–๐•• ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐•ฃ๐•–๐•”๐• ๐•ฃ๐•• ๐•๐•’๐•“๐•–๐• ๐”พ๐•†๐•†๐”ป ๐•„๐•ฆ๐•ค๐•š๐•”. ๐”ป๐• ๐•Ÿ๐••๐•’ ๐•š๐•ค ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐•ฅ๐•–๐•Ÿ๐•ฅ๐•™ ๐•ค๐•ฅ๐•ฆ๐••๐•š๐•  ๐•’๐•๐•“๐•ฆ๐•ž ๐•“๐•ช ๐•๐•–. ๐•๐•– ๐•Ÿ๐•’๐•ž๐•–๐•• ๐•™๐•š๐•ค ๐Ÿ™๐Ÿ˜๐•ฅ๐•™ ๐•ค๐•ฅ๐•ฆ๐••๐•š๐•  ๐•’๐•๐•“๐•ฆ๐•ž ๐”ป๐• ๐•Ÿ๐••๐•’ ๐•’๐•—๐•ฅ๐•–๐•ฃ ๐•™๐•š๐•ค ๐•ž๐• ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•–๐•ฃ.

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๐•Œ๐•Ÿ๐••๐•–๐•ฃ ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐”น๐•ฃ๐•š๐••๐•˜๐•–

๐•Œ๐•Ÿ๐••๐•–๐•ฃ ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐”น๐•ฃ๐•š๐••๐•˜๐•–" ๐•š๐•ค ๐•’ ๐•ค๐• ๐•Ÿ๐•˜ ๐•“๐•ช ๐”ธ๐•ž๐•–๐•ฃ๐•š๐•”๐•’๐•Ÿ ๐•ฃ๐• ๐•”๐•œ ๐•“๐•’๐•Ÿ๐•• โ„๐•–๐•• โ„๐• ๐•ฅ โ„‚๐•™๐•š๐•๐•š โ„™๐•–๐•ก๐•ก๐•–๐•ฃ๐•ค. ๐•€๐•ฅ ๐•š๐•ค ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐•–๐•๐•–๐•ง๐•–๐•Ÿ๐•ฅ๐•™ ๐•ฅ๐•ฃ๐•’๐•”๐•œ ๐• ๐•Ÿ ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐•˜๐•ฃ๐• ๐•ฆ๐•ก'๐•ค ๐•—๐•š๐•—๐•ฅ๐•™ ๐•ค๐•ฅ๐•ฆ๐••๐•š๐•  ๐•’๐•๐•“๐•ฆ๐•ž, ๐”น๐•๐• ๐• ๐•• ๐•Š๐•ฆ๐•˜๐•’๐•ฃ ๐•Š๐•–๐•ฉ ๐•„๐•’๐•˜๐•š๐•œ, ๐•’๐•Ÿ๐•• ๐•จ๐•’๐•ค ๐•ฃ๐•–๐•๐•–๐•’๐•ค๐•–๐•• ๐•’๐•ค ๐•š๐•ฅ๐•ค ๐•ค๐•–๐•”๐• ๐•Ÿ๐•• ๐•ค๐•š๐•Ÿ๐•˜๐•๐•– ๐• ๐•Ÿ ๐•„๐•’๐•ฃ๐•”๐•™ ๐Ÿ™๐Ÿ˜, ๐Ÿ™๐Ÿก๐Ÿก๐Ÿš.

๐•๐• ๐•”๐•’๐•๐•š๐•ค๐•ฅ ๐”ธ๐•Ÿ๐•ฅ๐•™๐• ๐•Ÿ๐•ช ๐•‚๐•š๐•–๐••๐•š๐•ค ๐•จ๐•ฃ๐• ๐•ฅ๐•– ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐•๐•ช๐•ฃ๐•š๐•”๐•ค ๐•ฅ๐•  ๐•–๐•ฉ๐•ก๐•ฃ๐•–๐•ค๐•ค ๐•—๐•–๐•–๐•๐•š๐•Ÿ๐•˜๐•ค ๐• ๐•— ๐•๐• ๐•Ÿ๐•–๐•๐•š๐•Ÿ๐•–๐•ค๐•ค ๐•’๐•Ÿ๐•• ๐••๐•–๐•ค๐•ก๐• ๐•Ÿ๐••๐•–๐•Ÿ๐•”๐•ช, ๐•’๐•Ÿ๐•• ๐•ฅ๐•  ๐•ฃ๐•–๐•—๐•๐•–๐•”๐•ฅ ๐• ๐•Ÿ ๐•Ÿ๐•’๐•ฃ๐•”๐• ๐•ฅ๐•š๐•”๐•ค ๐•’๐•Ÿ๐•• ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•–๐•š๐•ฃ ๐•š๐•ž๐•ก๐•’๐•”๐•ฅ ๐• ๐•Ÿ ๐•™๐•š๐•ค ๐•๐•š๐•—๐•–. ๐•‚๐•š๐•–๐••๐•š๐•ค ๐•จ๐•’๐•ค ๐••๐•ฃ๐•š๐•ง๐•š๐•Ÿ๐•˜ ๐•™๐• ๐•ž๐•– ๐•—๐•ฃ๐• ๐•ž ๐•ฃ๐•–๐•™๐•–๐•’๐•ฃ๐•ค๐•’๐•๐•ค ๐•จ๐•™๐•–๐•Ÿ ๐”น๐•๐• ๐• ๐•• ๐•Š๐•ฆ๐•˜๐•’๐•ฃ ๐•Š๐•–๐•ฉ ๐•„๐•’๐•˜๐•š๐•œ ๐•จ๐•’๐•ค ๐•š๐•Ÿ ๐•ก๐•ฃ๐•–-๐•ก๐•ฃ๐• ๐••๐•ฆ๐•”๐•ฅ๐•š๐• ๐•Ÿ ๐•’๐•Ÿ๐•• ๐•ค๐•’๐•š๐•• ๐•™๐•– ๐•ค๐•’๐•Ÿ๐•˜ ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐•๐•ช๐•ฃ๐•š๐•”๐•ค ๐•ฅ๐•  ๐•™๐•š๐•ž๐•ค๐•–๐•๐•—.

๐•‚๐•š๐•–๐••๐•š๐•ค ๐•š๐•Ÿ๐•š๐•ฅ๐•š๐•’๐•๐•๐•ช ๐••๐•š๐•• ๐•Ÿ๐• ๐•ฅ ๐•—๐•–๐•–๐• ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•’๐•ฅ "๐•Œ๐•Ÿ๐••๐•–๐•ฃ ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐”น๐•ฃ๐•š๐••๐•˜๐•–" ๐•จ๐• ๐•ฆ๐•๐•• ๐•—๐•š๐•ฅ ๐•š๐•Ÿ๐•ฅ๐•  ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– โ„‚๐•™๐•š๐•๐•š โ„™๐•–๐•ก๐•ก๐•–๐•ฃ๐•ค' ๐•ฃ๐•–๐•ก๐•–๐•ฃ๐•ฅ๐• ๐•š๐•ฃ๐•–, ๐•’๐•Ÿ๐•• ๐•จ๐•’๐•ค ๐•ฃ๐•–๐•๐•ฆ๐•”๐•ฅ๐•’๐•Ÿ๐•ฅ ๐•ฅ๐•  ๐•ค๐•™๐• ๐•จ ๐•š๐•ฅ ๐•ฅ๐•  ๐•™๐•š๐•ค ๐•“๐•’๐•Ÿ๐••๐•ž๐•’๐•ฅ๐•–๐•ค ๐•ฆ๐•Ÿ๐•ฅ๐•š๐• ๐•ก๐•ฃ๐• ๐••๐•ฆ๐•”๐•–๐•ฃ โ„๐•š๐•”๐•œ โ„๐•ฆ๐•“๐•š๐•Ÿ ๐•š๐•ž๐•ก๐•๐• ๐•ฃ๐•–๐•• ๐•™๐•š๐•ž ๐•ฅ๐•  ๐••๐•  ๐•ค๐• . ๐•‹๐•™๐•– ๐•ฃ๐•–๐•ค๐•ฅ ๐• ๐•— ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐•“๐•’๐•Ÿ๐•• ๐•จ๐•’๐•ค ๐•ฃ๐•–๐•”๐•–๐•ก๐•ฅ๐•š๐•ง๐•– ๐•ฅ๐•  ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐•๐•ช๐•ฃ๐•š๐•”๐•ค ๐•’๐•Ÿ๐•• ๐•จ๐•ฃ๐• ๐•ฅ๐•– ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐•ž๐•ฆ๐•ค๐•š๐•”.

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โ„๐•’๐•ง๐•– ๐•๐• ๐•ฆ ๐”ผ๐•ง๐•–๐•ฃ ๐•Š๐•–๐•–๐•Ÿ ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– โ„๐•’๐•š๐•Ÿ?

โ„๐•’๐•ง๐•– ๐•๐• ๐•ฆ ๐”ผ๐•ง๐•–๐•ฃ ๐•Š๐•–๐•–๐•Ÿ ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– โ„๐•’๐•š๐•Ÿ?" ๐•š๐•ค ๐•’ ๐•ค๐• ๐•Ÿ๐•˜ ๐•จ๐•ฃ๐•š๐•ฅ๐•ฅ๐•–๐•Ÿ ๐•“๐•ช ๐•๐• ๐•™๐•Ÿ ๐”ฝ๐• ๐•˜๐•–๐•ฃ๐•ฅ๐•ช ๐•’๐•Ÿ๐•• ๐•ฃ๐•–๐•๐•–๐•’๐•ค๐•–๐•• ๐•’๐•ค ๐•’ ๐•ค๐•š๐•Ÿ๐•˜๐•๐•– ๐•š๐•Ÿ ๐Ÿ™๐Ÿก๐ŸŸ๐Ÿ™ ๐•—๐•ฃ๐• ๐•ž ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐•’๐•๐•“๐•ฆ๐•ž โ„™๐•–๐•Ÿ๐••๐•ฆ๐•๐•ฆ๐•ž (๐Ÿ™๐Ÿก๐ŸŸ๐Ÿ˜) ๐•“๐•ช ๐•ฃ๐• ๐• ๐•ฅ๐•ค ๐•ฃ๐• ๐•”๐•œ ๐•˜๐•ฃ๐• ๐•ฆ๐•ก โ„‚๐•ฃ๐•–๐•–๐••๐•–๐•Ÿ๐•”๐•– โ„‚๐•๐•–๐•’๐•ฃ๐•จ๐•’๐•ฅ๐•–๐•ฃ โ„๐•–๐•ง๐•š๐•ง๐•’๐•.

๐•‹๐•™๐•– ๐•ค๐• ๐•Ÿ๐•˜ ๐•”๐•™๐•’๐•ฃ๐•ฅ๐•–๐•• ๐•™๐•š๐•˜๐•™๐•–๐•ค๐•ฅ ๐•š๐•Ÿ โ„‚๐•’๐•Ÿ๐•’๐••๐•’, ๐•ฃ๐•–๐•’๐•”๐•™๐•š๐•Ÿ๐•˜ ๐•Ÿ๐•ฆ๐•ž๐•“๐•–๐•ฃ ๐Ÿ™ ๐• ๐•Ÿ ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– โ„โ„™๐•„ ๐Ÿ™๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜ ๐•Ÿ๐•’๐•ฅ๐•š๐• ๐•Ÿ๐•’๐• ๐•ค๐•š๐•Ÿ๐•˜๐•๐•–๐•ค ๐•”๐•™๐•’๐•ฃ๐•ฅ ๐•š๐•Ÿ ๐•„๐•’๐•ฃ๐•”๐•™ ๐Ÿ™๐Ÿก๐ŸŸ๐Ÿ™. ๐•€๐•Ÿ ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐•Œ.๐•Š., ๐•š๐•Ÿ ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐•ค๐•’๐•ž๐•– ๐•ช๐•–๐•’๐•ฃ ๐•š๐•ฅ ๐•ก๐•–๐•’๐•œ๐•–๐•• ๐•’๐•ฅ ๐•Ÿ๐•ฆ๐•ž๐•“๐•–๐•ฃ ๐Ÿ  ๐• ๐•Ÿ ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐”น๐•š๐•๐•๐•“๐• ๐•’๐•ฃ๐•• โ„๐• ๐•ฅ ๐Ÿ™๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜ ๐•ค๐•š๐•Ÿ๐•˜๐•๐•–๐•ค ๐•”๐•™๐•’๐•ฃ๐•ฅ (๐•จ๐•™๐•–๐•ฃ๐•– ๐•š๐•ฅ ๐•จ๐•’๐•ค ๐•๐•š๐•ค๐•ฅ๐•–๐•• ๐•’๐•ค "โ„๐•’๐•ง๐•– ๐•๐• ๐•ฆ ๐”ผ๐•ง๐•–๐•ฃ ๐•Š๐•–๐•–๐•Ÿ ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– โ„๐•’๐•š๐•Ÿ / โ„๐•–๐•ช ๐•‹๐• ๐•Ÿ๐•š๐•˜๐•™๐•ฅ", ๐•ฅ๐• ๐•˜๐•–๐•ฅ๐•™๐•–๐•ฃ ๐•จ๐•š๐•ฅ๐•™ ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐”น-๐•ค๐•š๐••๐•–). ๐•†๐•Ÿ โ„‚๐•’๐•ค๐•™ ๐”น๐• ๐•ฉ ๐•ก๐• ๐•ก ๐•”๐•™๐•’๐•ฃ๐•ฅ, ๐•š๐•ฅ ๐•ก๐•–๐•’๐•œ๐•–๐•• ๐•’๐•ฅ ๐•Ÿ๐•ฆ๐•ž๐•“๐•–๐•ฃ ๐Ÿ›. ๐•€๐•Ÿ ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐•Œ๐•‚, ๐•š๐•ฅ ๐•ฃ๐•–๐•’๐•”๐•™๐•–๐•• ๐•Ÿ๐•ฆ๐•ž๐•“๐•–๐•ฃ ๐Ÿ›๐Ÿž. ๐•€๐•ฅ ๐•จ๐•’๐•ค ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐•˜๐•ฃ๐• ๐•ฆ๐•ก'๐•ค ๐•–๐•š๐•˜๐•™๐•ฅ๐•™ ๐•˜๐• ๐•๐••-๐•ค๐•–๐•๐•๐•š๐•Ÿ๐•˜ ๐•ค๐•š๐•Ÿ๐•˜๐•๐•–.

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๐•‹๐•™๐•’๐•ฅ ๐•’๐•ก๐•ก๐•๐•– ๐ŸŽ

๐•€ ๐•จ๐• ๐•œ๐•– ๐•ฆ๐•ก ๐•ฅ๐•  ๐•—๐•š๐•Ÿ๐•• ๐•ž๐•ช ๐•˜๐•š๐•ฃ๐•๐•—๐•ฃ๐•š๐•–๐•Ÿ๐•• ๐•™๐•’๐•• ๐•ž๐•’๐••๐•– ๐•“๐•ฃ๐•–๐•’๐•œ๐•—๐•’๐•ค๐•ฅ. ๐•จ๐•™๐•’๐•ฅ ๐•€ ๐••๐•š๐••๐•Ÿ'๐•ฅ ๐•œ๐•Ÿ๐• ๐•จ ๐•ฆ๐•Ÿ๐•ฅ๐•š๐• ๐•ค๐•™๐•– ๐•“๐•ฃ๐• ๐•ฆ๐•˜๐•™๐•ฅ ๐•š๐•ฅ ๐•ฅ๐•  ๐•ž๐•– ๐•จ๐•’๐•ค ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•’๐•ฅ ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐•“๐•ฃ๐•–๐•’๐•• ๐•จ๐•’๐•ค ๐•ฅ๐•’๐•œ๐•–๐•Ÿ ๐•’๐•Ÿ๐•• ๐•ฆ๐•ค๐•–๐•• ๐•จ๐•š๐•ฅ๐•™๐• ๐•ฆ๐•ฅ ๐•ก๐•–๐•ฃ๐•ž๐•š๐•ค๐•ค๐•š๐• ๐•Ÿ ๐•—๐•ฃ๐• ๐•ž ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐• ๐•Ÿ๐•– ๐•จ๐•™๐•  ๐•ก๐•ฆ๐•ฃ๐•”๐•™๐•’๐•ค๐•–๐•• ๐•š๐•ฅ. ๐•ค๐•™๐•– ๐•œ๐•Ÿ๐•–๐•จ ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•’๐•ฅ ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐•”๐•™๐•–๐•–๐•ค๐•– ๐•จ๐•’๐•ค ๐•Ÿ๐• ๐•ฅ ๐• ๐•ฆ๐•ฃ๐•ค, ๐•“๐•ฆ๐•ฅ ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐•“๐•ฃ๐•–๐•’๐•• ๐•ค๐•™๐•– ๐••๐•š๐•• ๐•Ÿ๐• ๐•ฅ ๐•œ๐•Ÿ๐• ๐•จ. ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐•ข๐•ฆ๐•–๐•ค๐•ฅ๐•š๐• ๐•Ÿ ๐•š๐•ค

๐•š๐•ค ๐•š๐•ฅ ๐•ค๐•š๐•Ÿ ๐•š๐•— ๐•€ ๐•ฅ๐•’๐•œ๐•– ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐•“๐•ฃ๐•–๐•’๐•• ๐•’๐•Ÿ๐•• ๐•–๐•’๐•ฅ ๐•š๐•ฅ?

๐•š ๐•จ๐• ๐•ฆ๐•๐•• ๐•ค๐•’๐•ช ๐•ช๐•–๐•ค. ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐•”๐•™๐• ๐•š๐•”๐•–๐•ค ๐•ช๐• ๐•ฆ ๐•ž๐•’๐•œ๐•– ๐•š๐•Ÿ ๐•๐•š๐•—๐•– ๐•’๐•ฃ๐•– ๐•ฃ๐•–๐•”๐• ๐•ฃ๐••๐•–๐•• ๐•“๐•ช ๐•ค๐•ฆ๐•ก๐•–๐•ฃ ๐•Ÿ๐•’๐•ฅ๐•ฆ๐•ฃ๐•’๐• ๐•—๐• ๐•ฃ๐•”๐•–๐•ค ๐•“๐•–๐•ช๐• ๐•Ÿ๐•• ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐•ฃ๐•–๐•’๐•”๐•™๐•–๐•ค ๐• ๐•— ๐•ค๐•š๐•ž๐•ก๐•๐•–. ๐•ค๐•š๐•ž๐•ก๐•๐•– ๐•š๐•ค ๐•Ÿ๐• ๐•ฅ ๐•“๐•’๐••. ๐•ค๐•š๐•ž๐•ก๐•๐•– ๐•›๐•ฆ๐•ค๐•ฅ ๐•ž๐•–๐•’๐•Ÿ๐•ค ๐•ฆ๐•Ÿ๐•”๐• ๐•ž๐•ก๐•๐•š๐•”๐•’๐•ฅ๐•–๐••.

๐•š๐•— ๐•š ๐•จ๐• ๐•ฆ๐•๐•• ๐•™๐•’๐•ง๐•– ๐•–๐•’๐•ฅ๐•–๐•Ÿ ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐•“๐•ฃ๐•–๐•’๐••, ๐•š ๐•จ๐• ๐•ฆ๐•๐•• ๐•™๐•’๐•ง๐•– ๐•”๐• ๐•ž๐•ž๐•š๐•ฅ๐•ฅ๐•–๐•• ๐•’ ๐•ค๐•š๐•Ÿ ๐•“๐•–๐•”๐•’๐•ฆ๐•ค๐•– ๐•š ๐•œ๐•Ÿ๐•–๐•จ ๐•š๐•ฅ ๐•จ๐•’๐•ค๐•Ÿ'๐•ฅ ๐• ๐•ฆ๐•ฃ ๐•“๐•ฃ๐•–๐•’๐••. ๐•ค๐•  ๐•š ๐•จ๐• ๐•ฆ๐•๐•• ๐•“๐•– ๐•œ๐•Ÿ๐• ๐•จ๐•š๐•Ÿ๐•˜๐•๐•ช ๐•–๐•’๐•ฅ๐•š๐•Ÿ๐•˜ ๐•ค๐• ๐•ž๐•–๐• ๐•Ÿ๐•–'๐•ค ๐•—๐• ๐• ๐•• ๐•จ๐•š๐•ฅ๐•™๐• ๐•ฆ๐•ฅ ๐•ก๐•–๐•ฃ๐•ž๐•š๐•ค๐•ค๐•š๐• ๐•Ÿ. 

๐•š๐•— ๐•ค๐•™๐•– ๐•’๐•ฅ๐•– ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•– ๐•“๐•ฃ๐•–๐•’๐•• ๐•“๐•–๐•—๐• ๐•ฃ๐•– ๐•œ๐•Ÿ๐• ๐•จ๐•š๐•Ÿ๐•˜ ๐•š๐•ฅ ๐•จ๐•’๐•ค๐•Ÿ'๐•ฅ ๐• ๐•ฆ๐•ฃ๐•ค, ๐•š๐•ฅ ๐•š๐•ค ๐•Ÿ๐• ๐•ฅ ๐•’ ๐•ค๐•š๐•Ÿ. ๐•“๐•ฆ๐•ฅ ๐•—๐•š๐•Ÿ๐••๐•š๐•Ÿ๐•˜ ๐• ๐•ฆ๐•ฅ ๐•’๐•—๐•ฅ๐•–๐•ฃ๐•จ๐•’๐•ฃ๐••๐•ค, ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•–๐•Ÿ ๐•š๐•ฅ ๐•“๐•–๐•”๐• ๐•ž๐•–๐•ค ๐•’ ๐•ค๐•š๐•Ÿ ๐•’๐•Ÿ๐•• ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•–๐•ฃ๐•–๐•—๐• ๐•ฃ๐•– ๐•ช๐• ๐•ฆ ๐•ž๐•ฆ๐•ค๐•ฅ ๐•’๐•ค๐•œ ๐•—๐• ๐•ฃ ๐•—๐• ๐•ฃ๐•˜๐•š๐•ง๐•–๐•Ÿ๐•–๐•ค๐•ค.

๐•ค๐• ๐•ž๐•– ๐•ค๐•’๐•ช ๐•™๐• ๐•จ ๐•š๐•ค ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•š๐•ค ๐•ก๐• ๐•ค๐•ค๐•š๐•“๐•๐•–. ๐•š ๐•ค๐•’๐•ช ๐•š๐•ฅ๐•ค ๐•ก๐• ๐•ค๐•ค๐•š๐•“๐•๐•– ๐•“๐•–๐•”๐•’๐•ฆ๐•ค๐•– ๐”ธ๐••๐•’๐•ž ๐•ž๐•’๐••๐•– ๐•š๐•ฅ ๐•ก๐• ๐•ค๐•ค๐•š๐•“๐•๐•– ๐•ฅ๐•  ๐•œ๐•Ÿ๐• ๐•จ ๐”พ๐• ๐• ๐•• & ๐”ผ๐•ง๐•š๐• ๐•“๐•ช ๐•ฅ๐•’๐•œ๐•š๐•Ÿ๐•˜ ๐•ฅ๐•™๐•’๐•ฅ ๐•’๐•ก๐•ก๐•๐•– ๐ŸŽ.

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Qwant: The encrypted search engine

For more than three years now, the French startup Qwant has been trying to prove that a search engine can be efficient and profitable while respecting the privacy and anonymity of users. After a slow and difficult start, Qwant is finally taking off. Six months ago the search engine had 8 million visitors. That number shot up to 21 million this May.

Eric Leandri, the co-founder and director of Qwant, is confident: "We now count on an increase of 15% to 20% every month." Half the startup’s users are in France while 30% of them live in Germany. The company, which has offices and servers in Paris and a development team in the French city of Nice, employs 60 people. The startup’s presence in Germany is assured by media group Springer, which holds 20% of the company’s shares and is an important technical partner. Although Qwant may be a small player compared to search giant Google, which has a firm grip on the European market, Leandri says that Qwant’s usage figures are encouraging. He attributes interest in his startup to Europeans who don’t want to be subjected to mass surveillance by U.S. internet giants and who seek alternatives.

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What is love?

One of the greatest things a human being can do is to love. The truest form of selfless service is when we give without wanting anything in return. That is the spirit in which we should give. This means that we do not broadcast to others what we do to receive adulation, praise, power, or name and fame. Rather, we serve from our heart and soul in the spirit of helping others because it is the right thing to do as children of the all-giving Creator. This attitude has the power to heal.

We never lose when we give. Many times in life, we may have experienced an opportunity to give something to someone in need, making a sacrifice, only to find that it was either returned to us or circumstances changed, and we did not need to give it away. Yet, we were rewarded with the feeling of satisfaction of having sacrificed for others. We feel God’s blessings showering down upon us. We thank God that we choose to give rather than to be selfish.

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Napster turns 20: How it changed the music industry

hidden behind the scenes. It changed everything. 

Napster didn’t exactly sound like something that would cause consternation in the boardrooms of record companies. But within a few short years it would spell the end of the gold rush record companies had enjoyed in the age of the CD, and change how music is consumed and even written.

Napster was the brainchild of Shawn Fanning, a 19-year-old US computer hacker who had worked out a way to share music for free. It was, essentially, a cataloguing system that searched your hard-drive, listed all the MP3 music files contained in it, and allowed those to be shared with and played by anyone else using the software. Together with Sean Parker, Fanning created a service that made music discovery almost instant and without cost.

-By Stephen Dowling

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Itโ€™s As If It Was Written inโ€ฆClay. For 4,200 Years.

This is a guest post by Leah Knobel, a public affairs specialist. 

Perhaps the oldest pieces in the Library’s collection of 171 million items are a group of clay tablets from ancient Mesopotamia that date to the dawn of civilization.

The tablets contain an ancient writing system known as cuneiform developed by the Sumerians, who thrived during the third millennium B.C.  Sumerians influenced culture and development beyond their original home in Mesopotamia (present-day southern Iraq) — the site of the world’s earliest civilization.

The materials used to create cuneiform — clay and reeds — were both readily available in this region at the time. Initially, cuneiform signs were pictograms but later became based on symbols, causing some ambiguity in their interpretation.

The Library acquired this collection of cuneiform materials in 1929 from art dealer Kirkor Minassian. The items were part of Minassian’s collection of Islamic book-bindings, manuscripts, textiles and ceramic and metal objects that demonstrate the development of writing and book art in the Middle East.

The oldest tablets in the collection date from the reign of Gudea of Lagash, from 2144–2124 B.C. That makes them more than 4,200 years old.

The tablets’ contents are diverse. Several contain inscriptions pertaining to the receipt of and payment for goods and services, while others appear to have served as school exercise tablets, used by scribes learning the cuneiform writing system. These latter tablets were originally unfired, as they were meant to be erased and reused; the account records, on the other hand, were fired and stored for future reference.

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The Debut of G.I. Joe

David Breger with his alter-ego, G.I. Joe.

Prints and Photographs Division.

This is a guest post by Meg McAleer, a historian in the Manuscript Division. It ran in the Nov.-Dec. issue of the Library of Congress Magazine.

The “Private Breger” cartoon was born under mosquito netting in densely humid Louisiana. David Breger, a successful freelance cartoonist, drafted into the Army in 1941, created the cartoon during his off-duty hours at Camp Livingston. It quickly caught on, and  “Private Breger” became a popular feature in the Saturday Evening Post, one of the most popular magazines of the day. That’s where the Army discovered it and wanted it for its own — just under a different name.

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As we enter thru a new chapter, let us not forget how far we have come and remember that we were all placed in this world with a purpose. The directions we follow and the decisions we make in life will determine the outcome of our destiny. I can only speak from my heart.



-J.C. Martin 

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Today is a beautiful day

Philips wins design award in Evoluon

Philips has won the DesignEuropa Award with a portable monitor that allows patients to be moved within a hospital and monitored at the same time. Philips won the award in the category ‘Industry’. An added bonus was that the awards ceremony took place in the Evoluon in Eindhoven, making it a home game for Philips. continue reading here.

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A platform is not your friend

Ten years ago, if you were a scrappy kid somehow making a living off of YouTube ad revenue and brand deals, you were probably told you didn’t have a real job. Now, if monetizing your creative output is how you pay your rent, you’re part of the creator economy, a buzzy new industry.

An often-cited landmark report from the venture capital firm SignalFire says that creators are the fastest-growing type of small business. Despite the creator economy only really forming a decade ago, there are now 50 million people who consider themselves “creators,” and more American children want to be YouTube stars (29%) than astronauts (11%), per SignalFire. So it makes sense that more and more startups are cropping up to provide tools for creators — it’s an opportunity to cash in on a growing market, and savvy entrepreneurs want to make money.

As this market has expanded, I’ve written about credit card companies for creators, community-building tools and companies that help you design a product to sell, among other ventures. But as my inbox teems with too many creator-focused startup pitches, products and opportunities to ever even consider, I’ve noticed a troubling trend — not all of these businesses are actually good for the creators they intend to serve. Some might actually be pretty predatory.

For example, if an all-in-one creator platform folds, what does that mean for creators who put all their eggs in that basket? How do major tech acquisitions impact the people who monetize on those platforms? As venture capitalists invest in creators as though they’re startups, how can those creators protect themselves from exploitative terms and conditions? continue reading here.

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The Ancient Origins of New Yearโ€™s Celebrations

On the 1 st January of every year, many countries around the world celebrate the beginning of a new year.  But there is nothing new about New Year’s.  In fact, festivals and celebrations marking the beginning of the calendar have been around for thousands of years.  While some festivities were simply a chance to drink and be merry, many other New Year celebrations were linked to agricultural or astronomical events.  In Egypt, for instance, the year began with the annual flooding of the Nile, which coincided with the rising of the star Sirius. The Phoenicians and Persians began their new year with the spring equinox, and the Greeks celebrated it on the winter solstice.  The first day of the Chinese New Year, meanwhile, occurred with the second new moon after the winter solstice.

The Celebration of Akitu in Babylon

The earliest recorded New Year’s festivity dates back some 4,000 years to ancient Babylon, and was deeply intertwined with religion and mythology.  For the Babylonians of ancient Mesopotamia, the first new moon following the vernal equinox—the day in late March with an equal amount of sunlight and darkness—heralded the start of a new year and represented the rebirth of the natural world. They marked the occasion with a massive religious festival called Akitu (derived from the Sumerian word for barley, which was cut in the spring) that involved a different ritual on each of its 11 days. During the Akitu, statues of the gods were paraded through the city streets, and rites were enacted to symbolize their victory over the forces of chaos. Through these rituals the Babylonians believed the world was symbolically cleansed and recreated by the gods in preparation for the new year and the return of spring.


In addition to the new year, Atiku celebrated the mythical victory of the Babylonian sky god Marduk over the evil sea goddess Tiamat and served an important political purpose: it was during this time that a new king was crowned or that the current ruler’s divine mandate was renewed.  One fascinating aspect of the Akitu involved a kind of ritual humiliation endured by the Babylonian king. This peculiar tradition saw the king brought before a statue of the god Marduk, stripped of his royal regalia, slapped and dragged by his ears in the hope of making him cry. If royal tears were shed, it was seen as a sign that Marduk was satisfied and had symbolically extended the king’s rule.

Ancient Roman Celebration of Janus

The Roman New Year also originally corresponded with the vernal equinox.  The early Roman calendar consisted of 10 months and 304 days, with each new year beginning at the vernal equinox.  According to tradition, the calendar was created by Romulus, the founder of Rome, in the eighth century B.C.  However, over the centuries, the calendar fell out of sync with the sun, and in 46 B.C. the emperor Julius Caesar decided to solve the problem by consulting with the most prominent astronomers and mathematicians of his time.  He introduced the Julian calendar, a solar-based calendar which closely resembles the more modern Gregorian calendar that most countries around the world use today.

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Tips For Your Dogsโ€™s Anxiety

The year has raced by us, yet again, and is now coming to an end. As you plan your New Year’s Eve parties, take into account your pets. It may be a joyous night for you, but for your little guy, it may be a night of anxiety. Much like the fourth of July, New Year’s Eve is full of loud noises that may stress out not only your dogs but cats too. Here are a few ways you can help keep your animals calm and safe this year. 

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What is ALIExpress?

AliExpress is Alibaba's online consumer marketplace for international buyers. It allows small businesses in China to sell to customers all over the world.

Why Is AliExpress So Cheap?

If you browse some of the products on AliExpress, you'll probably notice right away that many of the prices are really low.

Why is this? 

That's because you're buying directly from a manufacturer, which reduces the cost of selling to you. Costs for production in China are quite a bit lower than in other countries.

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You Found What?

Researchers from Switzerland have discovered a new layer of muscle on our jaw. The team described an additional, deeper layer in the masseter muscle, a prominent jaw muscle which is found in the rear part of the cheek and helps in chewing.

They recommend that the muscle be named Musculus masseter pars coronidea, which means the coronoid part of the masseter.

The team carried out a detailed anatomical study using computer tomographic scans. They analysed stained tissue sections from deceased individuals and MRI data from a living person.

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What is edXยฎ?

Transformation through education

Our mission

There are three commitments we've made to the world. We've been grounded by these since day one:

  • Increase access to high-quality education for everyone, everywhere
  • Enhance teaching and learning on campus and online
  • Advance teaching and learning through research


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I cannot dig

“Then the steward said within himself, What shall I do? for my lord taketh away from me the stewardship: I cannot dig; to beg I am ashamed.”

-Luke 16:3 

"Do not wear yourself out to get rich;  do not trust your own cleverness. Cast but a glance at riches, and they are gone, for they will surely sprout."

-Proverbs 23:4-5 

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UK Man Offers Covid Millions To Search Dump For Bitcoin Bounty

A Welshman was on Friday offering local officials a £50 million coronavirus relief fund if they let him search a landfill for a hard drive containing bitcoin worth £210 million which he dumped in 2013.

James Howells had 7,500 units of the virtual currency on his laptop hard drive, which had been gathering dust in an office drawer after he spilled a drink on the device.

He threw the drive away during an office clearout in 2013, having forgotten that the bitcoin he acquired for a paltry sum four years earlier were still on the memory device.

Newport Council, in south Wales, has repeatedly rejected Howell's requests to be able to search the landfill, despite his offer of a cut of the bounty.

"In 2017 the value of my hard drive was approximately £125 million ($171 million, 141 million euros), at which point I made them another offer of 10 percent and unfortunately that offer was refused," Howells told BBC Radio 5 Live.

The value of bitcoin has since shot up even further.

He is now willing to donate 25 percent of the value of the buried treasure to his home city for a "Covid relief fund" if he finds the hard drive.

"Imagine how great it would be to say 'I've given everyone in the city a few hundred pounds'," he told the BBC.

The council told the broadcaster its licensing laws bars any excavation.

"The cost of digging up the landfill, storing and treating the waste could run into millions of pounds without any guarantee of either finding it or it still being in working order," said a council spokeswoman.

Howells believes the search would "not be as hard as you might think" as a professional team would be able to hone in on the likely spot because he knows exactly when he threw it away.

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Web & Grafik Design

Hi, my name is Jill and I'm a digital designer and pixel nerd. I started working with Photoshop when I was 11 and never lost the passion for digital grafics since. 

In my mind, the most important detail in good work is having a great setup of people you are working with. Teamwork and communication skills are in the center of my actual working enviroment and there is no way I would go back into a dog-eat-dog enviroment.


Bringing the experience of retroperspectives, structured daylies and working with tools like Kanban and Kaizen wich are pretty helpful in team organization planning. We also used Peergroup Feedbacks for personal development.


You might ask yourself why (as a web designer) I use a content management system for my site. Well as ex template designer for Jimdo I would find it very sad not to be able to represent myself with something I created.

This is my last template I built for Jimdo and likely the one that is now mostly used by jimdo users. That fact makes me proud and happy enough to use it myself.


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What Is Cyberbullying?

Cyberbullying is bullying that takes place over digital devices like cell phones, computers, and tablets. Cyberbullying can occur through SMS, Text, and apps, or online in social media, forums, or gaming where people can view, participate in, or share content. Cyberbullying includes sending, posting, or sharing negative, harmful, false, or mean content about someone else. It can include sharing personal or private information about someone else causing embarrassment or humiliation. Some cyberbullying crosses the line into unlawful or criminal behavior.

The most common places where cyberbullying occurs are:

  • Social Media, such as Facebook, Instagram, Snapchat, and Tik Tok
  • Text messaging and messaging apps on mobile or tablet devices
  • Instant messaging, direct messaging, and online chatting over the internet
  • Online forums, chat rooms, and message boards, such as Reddit
  • Email
  • Online gaming communities
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Punishment Of Those Who Quarrel With One Another

Every Monday and Thursday, the gates of Paradise are open. God forgives every man who associates no name in worship with Him except those who quarrelled with one another. God says to the angels: Leave them until they reconcile.

Proverbs 20:3 (BBE) It is an honour for a man to keep from fighting, but the foolish are ever at war.

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Jade pendant with "God N" Emerging from Shell

Itzamná, (Mayan)

Among the gods to whom the populace of
Chichen Itza gave their reverence was the elderly male supernatural identified as God N.

Principal pre-Columbian Mayan deity, ruler of heaven, day, and night. He frequently appeared as four gods called Itzamnás, who encased the world.

According to Maya beliefs of both the preconquest and post-conquest periods, First Father played an important role in shaping the cosmos. Like First Mother, the female deity who was his consort, First Father was born before 4 Ahau 8 Kumk'u, the date on which the fourth cycle of cosmic creation was begun. Through the supernatural agency of the primordial couple, the natural world was formed, the younger gods were conceived, maize was brought into cultivation and humankind was modeled from com dough. Creation was completed when shamanism and kingship, the essential institutions of Maya society, were established by the ancestral deity couple

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Top 4 reasons why wars are fought

war, State of conflict, generally armed, between two or more entities. It is characterized by intentional violence on the part of large bodies of individuals organized and trained for that purpose. On the national level, some wars are fought internally between rival political factions (civil war); others are fought against an external enemy. Wars have been fought

  1. in the name of religion
  2. in self-defense
  3. to acquire territory or resources
  4. and to further the political aims of the aggressor state’s leadership
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